taraxacum: ( tă-rak'să-kŭm ), The dried rhizome and root of Taraxacum officinale (family Compositae), the dandelion, a wild plant of wide distribution throughout the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere; alleged to be a tonic and hepatic stimulant. Latin name: Taraxacum officinale Synonyms: Taraxacum vulgare Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Dandelion: The dandelion is a commonly used herbal remedy. T. megalorhizon, a species endemic to Crete, is eaten in the same way; it is found only at high altitudes (1000 to 1600 metres, 3000' to 5000') and in fallow sites, and is called pentaramia (πενταράμια) or agrioradiko (αγριοράδικο).[45]. [6], The species of Taraxacum are tap-rooted, perennial, herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Ihre bekannteste Art ist der auch in Mitteleuropa sehr häufig vorkommende Gewöhnliche Löwenzahn, die Pusteblume, Butter- oder Kuhblume. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Ask your friends X. X. [5] Many Taraxacum species produce seeds asexually by apomixis, where the seeds are produced without pollination, resulting in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent plant. Stems and leaves exude a white, milky latex when broken. Löwenzahn (Taraxacum) ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). [53], Dandelions can cause significant economic damage as an invasive species and infestation of other crops worldwide;[54] in some jurisdictions, the species T. officinale is listed as a noxious weed. Dandelions. Web. From Medieval Latin taraxacum, from Arabic طَرَخْشَقُون‎ (ṭaraḵšaqūn). [56] In collaboration with Continental AG, IME is building a pilot facility. The flower petals, along with other ingredients, usually including citrus, are used to make dandelion wine. Gerard of Cremona, in translating Arabic to Latin around 1170, spelled it tarasacon. When development is complete, the mature seeds are attached to white, fluffy "parachutes" which easily detach from the seedhead and glide by wind, dispersing. Taraxacum seeds are an important food source for certain birds (linnets, Linaria spp.). It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. { neuter } Of a yellow colour, like that of the flower. It may refer to any species of the genus, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, S. Potter & L. Sargent (1973) Pedigree: essays on the etymology of words from nature. What does taraxacum mean? The original Latin name for dandelion which was given t this plant by Linnaeus in 1753 was "Leontodon taraxacum". The Dandelion name first developed in the 15th century. Definition of taraxacum in the Definitions.net dictionary. agrovoc. [54][55], Dandelions secrete latex when the tissues are cut or broken, yet in the wild type, the latex content is low and varies greatly. [28] Dandelions were brought to North America on the Mayflower for their medicinal benefits. Bei Tieren wird das homöopathische Mittel Taraxacum hauptsächlich zur Behandlung von chronischen Infektionen der Leber sowie bei Magenschleimhautentzündung angewendet. Each achene is attached to a pappus of fine hair-like material which enables wind-aided dispersal over long distances. "The Dandelion Yellow" is an official University of Rochester song. Definitions.net. A perennial plant, its leaves grow back if the taproot is left intact. leh-choother. The plant was used as food and medicine by Native Americans. An Taraxacum in nahilalakip ha familia nga Asteraceae. With a wide range of uses, the dandelion is cultivated in small gardens to massive farms. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae).. This is traceable through Arabic to Persian - talkh chakok - meaning bitter herb. [39], The raw flowers contain diverse phytochemicals, including polyphenols, such as flavonoids apigenin, isoquercitrin (a quercetin-like compound), and caffeic acid, as well as terpenoids, triterpenes, and sesquiterpenes. [26] Dandelions have been used by humans for food and as an herb for much of recorded history. Davic refers to Ar. The flower heads are 2–5 cm (1" to 2") in diameter and consist entirely of ray florets. 12 Dec. 2020. The seeds are able to cover large distances when dispersed due to the unique morphology of the pappus which works to create a unique type of vortex ring[13][14] that stays attached to the seed rather than being sent downstream. The origin of the species name taraxacum is less clear. It was derived from the Medieval Latin phrase dens lionis, which refers to the jagged shape of the leaves by calling them a lion’s tooth. In part due to their abundance along with being a generalist species, dandelions are one of the most vital early spring nectar sources for a wide host of pollinators. In part due to their abundance along with being a generalist species, dandelions are one of the most vital early spring nectar sources for a wide host of pollinators. Taraxacum officinale )). … [19] Some botanists take a much narrower view and only accept a total of about 60 species. [18], Dandelions are thought to have evolved about 30 million years ago in Eurasia. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 17:05. Meaning of Taraxacum officinale. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). The Persian scientist and philosopher Ibn Sīnā around 1000 CE wrote a book chapter on Taraxacum. The flower heads mature into spherical seed heads sometimes called blowballs[8] or clocks (in both British and American English)[9][10][11][12] containing many single-seeded fruits called achenes. The dried petals and stamens drop off, the bracts reflex (curve backwards), and the parachute ball opens into a full sphere. (Pharmacology) the dried root … [3] Both species are edible in their entirety. Both plants carry similar flowers, which form into windborne seeds. A rosette may produce several flowering stems at a time. taraxacum Definitions. The flower heads are yellow to orange coloured, and are open in the daytime, but closed at night. Which is the right way to pronounce the word lechuza in Spanish? Contextual translation of "taraxacum" into English. Han Magnoliopsida a taxonomic genus within the family Asteraceae with yellow flowers are the emblem of white Springs. 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