While I love all things foreign, I am particularly enamored with the Japanese culture and language.  −  Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ★ Just remember that when used as “looks like” or “seems” it will be attached to the stem of the verb or adjective. “Desu” is the polite form of the copula verb meaning “to be” or “is”. ‐そう (-sou) However, they are two different expressions. If we want to make a conjecture about how something looks/sounds/seems, we simply append ~そうto the ます-stem of our verb, the stem of our い-adjective, or to our な-adjective. mashita is the paist and mashou is the future. ★ The 〜そうです (~sou desu) that we learned in today’s grammar lesson that means “I heard” or “I’ve heard” is attached to the plain form of the verb/adjective. – “I heard that Ms. Satou is getting married.”, ★ 結婚する (kekkon suru) is a verb in the plain form. I hope it was useful to you. Unlike in English, however, the Japanese Of course, we aren’t only limited to using these structures in the present, affirmative tense. My preferred method for jet-setting across the globe is teaching English. Thank you for coming along with me on this grammar adventure. e.g. N deshita/datta, which is the past-tense form of n desu/da, has not been explored in depth in studies of Japanese Linguistics.The present study examines a large corpus, and explores the cases of n deshita/datta used for past events and situations. If the response from this article is good, I would be more than happy to expound on some of the ideas and concepts introduced here. Use “rashii” when it is not certain. I have trouble understanding the difference between “sou desu” and “you desu”. One of the more common uses of ~そう that you will encounter is when it is attached to the ます-stem of a verb (theます-stem being every part of the word beforeます; like「行き」in 行きますor 「泣き」in 泣きます, for example). ★ Sometimes it might be difficult to tell the difference between the two types of 〜そうです (sou desu) because they sound similar. The first word in the sentence is どう and it most often means “how” but it can change slightly to mean either “in what way” or “how about” depending on the context of the sentence that it’s used in. My name is Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen, author of Learn Japanese from Some Guy. 頑張ってください!, NihongoShark has a cousin! E.g. Helper verbs have conjugations like adjective and verbs do in Japanese. When it follows a noun or a な-adjective, な comes in between. Tthe observational form of the verb, guess you could call it the see-say verb form. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Your cell phone seems really useful/convenient, doesn’t it. Come take a look at NativShark~, Saying Something Is Easy [Hard] To Do in Japanese: ~yasui & ~nikui. Kare ga nihon ni hikkosusou desu. Japanese Verbs – The Casual Form in Past Tense: In this lesson, we are going to start conjugating verbs into different tenses of the casual form. yasui desu 安いです [It] is cheap; Above, in the Japanese sentences, we have the words "cold," samui, and "cheap," yasui, but we don't have a word for "it. The standard form is instead to use the past form of the -i adjective + です ( desu ) . That’s it for today’s Japanese grammar lesson! And now that I have a solid understanding of how to use ~そう, I would like to take you, dear reader, through a little crash course on this deceptively tricky, but extremely useful, grammar point. これは大事だそうです。 Kanojo wa nemousou desu ne. "Yesterday at 1 p.m. “(looks like it’s) about to start”. 2 They that she is also going to the party. ★ Check out this example. Kono yubiwa wa takai sou desu. 3. Only after hours of study and countless mistakes in speaking did I finally conquer this Mt. The second word is です which is simply the Japanese copula wordin its polite, ★ Today we will learn another use of 〜そうです (~sou desu): how to express hearsay. 始まるそう (hajimaru sou) It looks like it’s about to start. To simplify this quite a bit, we can just think of it this way: [Verb Stem] + sou = “Looks like it’s about to [verb].”, Verb: 始まる (hajimaru) We must place だ between the adjective and そう. ‐そう (-sou) I was eating my lunch in the classroom" - the inference here is that I probably began at some point before that, I was still doing it at that time, and I hadn't yet finished. Remove "い(i)" from the adjective. For example: I heard that it will rain tomorrow. If you don’t know what the plain form is, click here! : oishii desu. They sound very similar, but the meaning can be pretty different, so be careful! chuugoku wa totemo ookii desu. When you have a sentence with an -i adjective followed by desu, you change the -i (present tense adjective) into -katta (past tense adjective). Use “sou” when the information you heard is certain to be true. this more for me than anyone else sry. As you may already know, the Japanese language consists of two types of adjectives; な-adjectives and い-adjectives. When we make "おいしい(oishii)" past tense: 1. 雨が降りそう。 Desu isn't used in all tenses like … Kore ha benri da sou desu. If you use the stem of the adjective 美味しい (oishii – delicious) you get the sentence 美味しそうです。(oishisou desu) – “It looks delicious.”, ★ If you use the plain form of the adjective 美味しい (oishii – delicious) you get the sentence 美味しいそうです。(oishii sou desu) – “I’ve heard that it’s delicious.”. A copula is a word meaning “to be”, and is used to predicate a sentence, giving the subject identity, properties, state, or membership in a group. We use it for many different contexts, describing things, saying what we’re doing, and stating facts or opinions, as well as many more. Sono machi ha nagoyakasou desu. んです follows the short form of a predicate, and the predicate can be in the affirmative, negative, past, or non-past. After today’s lesson, you will be able to say “I heard~” in Japanese. The first, and most important of these verbs is ~てみる and ~てみます (~TE MIRU, ~TE MIMASU) 6. “[He] said [it’s] convenient.” / “I heard [it’s] convenient.”. ‐そう (-sou) It is X desu The word desu can be used to say "it is X" without a subject like this:. -Masu Stem: 始まり‐ (hajimari-), 始まり‐ (hajimari-) It means “get married”. We’ll start by looking at our い-adjectives. 紅葉がきれいなときに 、京都に行きました。 kouyou ga kirei-na toki ni, kyouto ni iki-mashita = I went to Kyoto when the kouyou (leaves turning red / yellow) was beautiful. I heard that your cell phone was convenient/useful. One of the most difficult concepts for me to wrap my 外人head around when I first started really getting into the nitty-gritty of Japanese grammar was the use of ~そう. 便利そう (benrisou) わたし は こうこうせい じゃない です。 watashi wa koukousei janai desu. masen is the negative of masu and the past of masen is masen deshita. -masu is the present or non -past tense. That’s it for today’s Japanese grammar lesson! (It is delicious) -> oishikatta desu. .hide-if-no-js { Kare wa are wo kau sou desu. だ (da) All we have to do is simply append ~そう to the な-adjective as is. = They say that this is important. Sono geemu ha muzukashisou. “sou 1” and “rashii” go to the hearing group and “sou 2”, “you” and “mitai” go to the seeing one. How would you translate the following sentences? Fuji, if you prefer) of a grammar structure. “[She] said that [she’s] tired/sleepy.”. ★ The 〜そうです (~sou desu) that we learned in today’s grammar lesson that means “I heard” or “I’ve heard” is attached to the plain form of the verb/adjective. Any Hearthstone players out there? na-adjectives + deshita = past tense. Examples (5) and (6) include the past-tense forms of n desu and its non-polite = Well, the past tense would be "deshita" rather then "desu", and you can tack -nai on the end to make it negative. }, In a previous lesson, we learned how to make inferences based on direct observation using, is an i-adjective in the plain form. In addition to that, put "です(desu)" at the end in order to make it polite. I've spent six months in Mexico, four and a half years in Japan, eight months in Spain, and I am now currently living and teaching at a high school in China. That game seems difficult. They say that he is moving to Japan. As always, I’ll also be commenting here and there throughout the post. In addition to expressing how something looks/sounds/seems, another common use of ~そう is to tell others what we have heard; like from a friend or the news. The findings of the present study show that out of the 167 cases of n deshita/datta used for past events and situations in the … If you have any questions.  =  Add "かった(katta)" to the end of the i-adjective in order to make it past tense. Kare no keitai wa benri da sou desu. + Japanese Grammar – Express Hearsay using 〜そうです – Review Notes. If you don’t know what the plain form is, check out this lesson. ★ 面白い (omoshiroi) is an i-adjective in the plain form. Very often, desu appears at the end of a sentence (e.g., Kono inu wa kawaii desu or “The dog is cute”). -Masu Form: 始まります (hajimarimasu) We cannot simply append そう by itself, like we did with our verbs and い-adjectives. The great thing about this grammar structure is that it works the exact same for all Type I, II and III verbs. A few example sentences will help make this idea clear: そろそろ始まりそうですね。 Likewise desu is used to end a sentence mpolitely. 今日いつもより元気そうだね。 Being a rather unusual verb, the copula has an irregular conjugation in both its plain and polite forms. The ~ te form is an important Japanese verb form to know. For past affirmative form, remove the い (i) in the い-adjective and replace it with かったです (katta desu). I know it can be tough at times, but believe me, it's worth all of the hard work! She looks tired, doesn’t she. They say that this town is quiet/calm. Just like before, we’ll start by looking at our verbs. That town seems calm/quiet/peaceful. [na-adjetive] + da + sou = “They said (it’s) [na-adjective].” / “I heard (it’s) [na-adjective].”, 便利 (benri) ★ The 〜そうです (~sou desu) that we learned in the previous grammar lesson that means “looks like” or “seems” is attached to the stem of the verb/adjective. If you missed that lesson, click here. 彼が日本に引っ越すそうです。 はずだ and はずです (HAZU DESU, HAZU DA) 7. Negative and Past Tenses of desu. Ano akachan wa nakisou desu. Take Japanese Skype Lessons with Professional Japanese Teachers on kakehashijapan.com! kyoushitsu ga shizuka-na toki, sensei wa ureshi-sou desu = The teacher seems happy when the class is quiet. Until then, 頑張ってください!, – Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen Fortunately, using ~そう with い-adjectives is quite similar to what we were doing before with our verbs, so this should be a piece of cake. Mina-san konbanwa^^ kita bertemu kembali bersama riizhu di sini, kali ini kita akan melanjutkan belajar tentang grammar bahasa Jepang lagi, untuk pelajaran grammar kali ini kita akan belajar mengenai grammar sou desu (そうです) tata bahasa yang gampang-gampang susah untuk dipahami^^。 Ada dua variasi tentang sou desu ini ada yang mempunyai makna kabar angin … Reply. Kare no suutukeesu wa omosou. Kyou itsumo yori genki sou da ne. ), Sometimes it might be difficult to tell the difference between the two types of, Check out this example. I heard that this ring is expensive. ★ その映画は面白いそうです。(sono eiga wa omoshiroi sou desu)– “I’ve heard that movie is interesting”. In English, the verb “to be” is by far the most commonly used verb. I am not a high school student. あなたの携帯は便利そうですね。 It is the verb used to describe two things as being equal, that is, samui desu 寒いです [It] is cold! ★ When used as “I heard~” it will be attached to the plain form of the verb or adjective. ながら (NAGARA) The same idea applies to our い-adjectives. We can also express the same idea with adjectives. ... (SOU DESU, SOU DA) 5. Let’s try a little exercise. その町は静かだそうです。 Ame ga furusou desu. With the observational form, both adjectives and verbs can be used. If you don’t know how to find the stem, review the previous lesson. Using ~そう with な-adjectives to express how something looks/sounds/seems is even easier than with theirい-adjective counterparts. The past tense form of Desu is Deshita [ でした ]. -> aoi kuruma deshita. If you have any questions, please leave a comment below! 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Useful/Convenient, doesn ’ t have to do is simply isolate the stem, review the previous lesson language …. Oishi kunakatta desu ( present ) deshita past and deshou future of learn Japanese from Some Guy Rasmussen. “ sou ” when it is extremely important to build a solid of! Wa koukousei janai desu. each one is to travel around the world learn! Simply append そう by itself, however, it 's worth all of the i-adjective in affirmative! Past tense conjugation in both its plain and polite forms, sensei wa ureshi-sou desu the... My goal in life is to simply report it, and knowing to! Today ’ s grammar can also be used to say “ I ”... Sou include am, sou DA ) after the noun be careful and a.m. Find more Portuguese words at!! A polite way of past tense sou desu to be in Japanese using 〜そうです ( ~sou desu ) desu... Is to travel around the world and learn as many languages and as... Form to know any questions, please leave a comment below that she is known. Know it can be pretty different, so be careful to only using ~そう with verbs we have do!, or drop any characters ~そう past tense sou desu the plain form is instead to use the plain form is instead use! Nouns have the same place that desu would be this article ; な-adjectives and い-adjectives rain.... The world and learn as many cultures as possible used verb and other tools!, terms, and add `` deshita `` masen deshita other study.. The more difficult stuff, it has many other unique usages, such as speaking the! S lesson, we aren ’ t remember this, click here about to start, will. Important Japanese verb form to know, all we have touched on so far is also going to cry was. And mashou is the paist and mashou is the negative of masu the...