When the soil is contaminated, it negatively affects the ecological system as plants and microorganisms may struggle to adapt to the change in the chemical composition of the soil. 1. The crop related control measures include crop rotation, strip cropping, planting along the contours, protector belt, crop residues, and use of organic composts. Poor utilization of land is a major concern in the prevention and control of soil pollution. This should be implemented by making a layout plan that should include close supervision on the soil environment including regular information updates. Production of natural fertilizers: Bio-pesticides should be used in place of dangerous chemical pesticides. The best way to control soil pollution is to strictly control the mining and industrial pollutants. Land pollution means degradation or destruction of the earth’s surface and soil, directly or indirectly, as a result of human activities. Unfortunately, over the years, human activities like the use of pesticides, fungicides, and herbicides have had an adverse effect on soil quality. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. (And Ways To Protect Peonies), Do Deer Eat Roses? Furthermore, through legislation, the government should phase out production facilities that use traditional industrial production methods and agricultural practices that harm the soil. Furthermore, the soil acts as a source and a store for gases. The process reduces the need for pesticides and fungicides. Another way is through the establishment of soil environmental quality monitoring networks to ensure improved monitoring frequency. 104 99. Acidic and alkaline waste, for example, can be neutralized before they are disposed of to avoid soil contamination. Here are 15 ways to prevent and control land pollution. It occurs when the pollutants causing the pollution reduce the quality of the soil and convert the soil inhabitable for microorganisms and macro organisms living in the soil. Open dumping is the most often practiced. There are different measures for the prevention and control of soil pollution, some of which are listed below: 1. It is also necessary to strengthen the management of soil environmental information to ensure broadened and dynamic data update. Tips to Prevent Soil Pollution. In case of change of the responsible subjects, the party that inherits the debt and rights should be held responsible. Considering the soil pollution effects, it has become very necessary to prevent it. What Are Some Practical Applications of Using UV Light to Control Microbial Growth? Bio-fertilization and manures should be used instead of their chemical alternatives. © 2019 www.azcentral.com. Proper management of agricultural land and the practice of organic farming, 5. They also adversely affect plant and animal growth. Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotics (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution (No. Develop necessary legislation on soil pollution control, Advantages and Disadvantages of Natural Gas Energy, 3. The effort should also include promoting research on common technologies that relate to soil pollution diagnosis, research, and development of advanced data collection and mapping equipment, and soils contamination risk management and control. Recycling is another way to reduce and control soil pollution. In fact, soil can impact on air and water quality as it is home to a wide range of organisms and plays a bigger role in the distribution of plant species. These wastes should be treated chemically and biologically to make them less toxic and hazardous. Before any new land is used, thorough research should be conducted to ensure whether the land is suitable for the intended use. Promoting sustainable agricultural practices, asking governments to develop policies to reduce the use of harmful chemicals and to prevent and control soil pollution are actions that can be taken now. The government should make an effort to improve the quality of soil through pollution treatment and remediation. Ways to Control Soil Pollution: Since it is not safe to use soil that is polluted, we have to find ways to control soil pollution from affecting our day-to-day lives. It is very difficult to pin point the exact effects of soil pollution on humans, animals or even plants, yet the effects are out there for everyone to see. (And How To Keep Them Away). Extraction of pollutants via thermal remediation – the temperature is raised in order to force the contaminants into the vapour phase, after which they can be collected through vapour extraction. In its organic form, manure has few negative effects on the ecological system. The deposition of wastes should be done in a proper manner and the sewage sludge from the factories should be treated before reaching the ground. Strictly control the pollution of new soil, 7. Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides results in acidification of soil. (And 5 Ways to Dispose of), Is Junk Mail Recyclable? To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more, see our about us page: link below. 31 of the State Council) Soil is material basis of economic and social sustainable development, concerning both human health and the process of building of a beautiful China. The mechanical method of soil pollution control includes the use of contour holding system, gully control, and making bunds. Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. Land pollution refers to all forms of pollution affecting any type of soil: agricultural, forestry, urban, etc. The waste materials should also be categorized based on the degree of contamination. Environmental pollution comes in various forms, such as: air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, etc. Soil pollution is the addition of toxic and harmful chemicals, salts, microorganisms and radioactive elements to the soil layer. In agricultural land management, ideal soil conservation methods include mechanical and biological control techniques. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the sources, effects and control of land pollution! At the same time, the government should take stronger measures against people, businesses, and companies that breach the policies. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and … Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. The government should integrate the resources from various research institutions and universities to support relevant research on soil environmental capacity and ecological effects of soil contamination among other possibilities. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and industrial effluents etc should be recycled and reused. To ensure consistency, the government should formulate treatment and remediation plans as well as identify responsible entities, identify key tasks, and develop projects database for easy management. Recycling is another way to reduce and control soil pollution. 3. This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. A soil is polluted when it contains an abnormal concentration of chemical compounds potentially dangerous to human health, plants or animals. A great example is the proper treatment of sewage sludge. Proper Treatment of the Solid Waste: I t is vital to properly treat the solid waste before disposing and releasing it into the environment. Embrace technological research and development, 10. The following steps have been suggested to control soil pollution. 2. Hardier indigenous plants are now being grown again in the place of the hybrid ones. Presently, the most commonly practised technique is open dumping and this causes soil pollution. When waste is not disposed properly. Control of soil pollution. Other common methods of preventing soil pollution include reforestation and recycling of waste materials. Recycling paper, plastics and other materials reduces the volume of refuse in landfills, another common cause of soil pollution. In general we would need less fertilizer and fewer pesticides if we … It also influences the flow of chemical substances and water between the earth and the atmosphere. Ensure proper investigation of reclaimed land, 71+ Shocking Facts About Pollution That are Seriously Eye-opening, 6. Surrounding soil should also be monitored on a regular basis to ensure the soil is not contaminated. Here are 10 magnificent ways for prevention and control of soil pollution. Legislations on pesticide management, contaminated sites management, and farmland soil management should as well be updated. (ii) Use of biofertilizers and natural pesticides help in minimizing usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Land pollution is the degradation of Earth’s land surfaces often caused by human activities and their misuse of land resources. It is important to dispose of solid waste properly by treated it before it’s released into the environment. Supervision of unutilized land is also key. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. Use of pesticides should be minimized. The mechanical procedures to control soil pollution involve the implementation of contour holding methods, bunds, and gully control. Or the plastic waste generated daily by the high consumption of junk food and other inorganic products. • Pollutants in the subsurface may be: Dissolved in GW in the saturated zone. The following measures may be suggested to control soil pollution: 1. Furthermore, measures should be put in place to promote continuous improvement of soil pollution control standards. iii. The following measures should be taken to prevent soil pollution: Arrangements for collection, and disposal of garbage should be tightened. Materials that are mildly or moderately contaminated should be treated in controlled environments before release into the natural environments while those that are heavily contaminated should be put under strict management, treatment, and control. The mandate of testing the contamination levels of such lands should be given to the city or government unit in charge. Fungi are used to fight lead existing in so il, because, satisfactory and good reports have been received both in . Developing forests in new areas can help reduce erosion caused by rainwater and air thus ensuring increased soil fertility and formation. This prevents light from reaching the weeds, which kills them. Subject:Environmental Sciences Paper: Environmental pollution - water & soil. In order to properly control and prevent soil erosion, it is paramount that every stakeholder understands the baseline of soil environment quality, which can be done by carrying out sensitizations and surveys on soil pollution. Although efforts are being put in place to ensure soil pollution control, the process ought to be accelerated by drafting the necessary legislation. There should also be put in place stringent measures against those who dump harmful or poisonous substances to the mudflat, sand, swampland, and salt marshes as well as those who discharge pollutants illegally. Control for solid waste disposal. Biofertilization is a process in which certain microorganisms are used to increase the fertility and growth capacity of soil. In areas with excessive pollution or surface degradation, reforestation should be done. If the results show the reclaimed land is polluted, any scheduled activity on the land must be suspended and the responsible body must take the necessary precautions to not only manage and mitigate the risks but to also prevent the contamination of adjacent soils. Soil pollutants will hinder the provision of habitats, nourishment, and protection for plants and It is cheaper to prevent soil pollution than it is to manage polluted soil and thus, the appropriate objective should be protecting new soil. The biological method refers to forestry and crop-related soil management. The land pollution can be controlled by following methods: (i) Planned afforestation helps in preventing soil erosion. Biological treatment involves the use of anaerobic microorganisms, such as methanogens and acetogens, which help break down the soil wastes into a less toxic and biodegradable form. The existing registrations such as urban and rural planning, agricultural practices, and land management should be revised and updated to include contemporary soil pollution control and prevention measures. Farmers should use organic fertilizers such as manure and adopt the integrated pest management strategy to ensure soil’s health. De-forestation or the cutting down of trees … Although much concern over the years has been on air and water pollution, prevention and control of soil pollution are as important as air and water pollution control. Governments are also encouraged to enhance spatial planning and management based on the capacity of environment and soil. In excessive sloping areas, making bunds across the slope helps to prevent erosion. (iii) The principles of three Rs, namely, Recycle, Reuse and Reduce help in minimizing generation of solid waste. In addition to controlling the pollutants, daily environment supervision should be enhanced. […] Reducing weed growth helps reduce soil pollution. Combatting soil pollution requires a sustained effort to prevent further issues and to mitigate existing pollution. 2. In addition to agricultural pollution, industrial waste and urban activities also cause soil pollution. Before disposing the industrial wastes in the soil, the toxicity of it must be reduced. 2. (And Ways to Reuse Old Lighters), Various Causes and Effects of Soil Contamination, Negative Effects and Simple Solutions To Avoid Palm Oil, Environmental and Health Effects of Fracking, What is Organic Food and 15 Health Benefits of Eating Organic Food, Can You Recycle a Mattress? Below are five ways to control land pollution:-* Better agriculture practices. All rights reserved. Get a better understanding of the soil environment quality baseline, 2. Soil Pollution Control Technique Caused by Lea d Existing in It . (And Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), 13 Amazing Plants That Do Not Need Drainage Holes, Do Deer Eat Petunias? 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