The best way to sand end grain: In this shop tip I'm going to show you how to sand the end grain of wood. Sanding with the grain produces a smoother surface because it doesn’t effect the micro-structure of the wood the way sanding across the grain does. Random Orbital Sander Bosch or Festool are what I’d recommend. get at reading grain direction,… And while the finish won’t be quite at a professional level, you will likely be pleased with the results. The thin plastic can prevent this from happening, saving time, money, and even hair. After the first two room lengths have been sanded (i.e. Its measurements are 2 3/4″ x 3 7/8″ x 1 1/4″ thick, with the top edges chamfered for a more comfortable grip. After letting the finish dry per the manufacturer's instructions, we screen with 120-grit and then handsand around the edges of the room and corners. You can finish-sand both of these surfaces with #180 grit, for example, but you might begin with #80 grit on the solid wood and #120 grit on the plywood. Wood finishing is fun and easy. Sanding with the grain is best because it’s less aggressive and you have less scratching, making for a … Start the sander drum with the drum of the floor, walk forward and ease the drum onto the floor. Between sanding passes, the surfaces should be wiped clean with a tack cloth or clean cloth moistened with mineral spirits. Long gone are the days of folding your square sheets of paper into that weird square vibrating thing they called an electric sander. Sanding and Abrasives ; Glues and Adhesives ... Technically, the word grain refers to the orientation of wood-cell fibers. Use 120-grit sand paper or a foam sanding, block and sand … Wrap your piece completely in thin painters cling plastic until you are ready for finish. Making clean grain supported cuts with end-grain bowls requires that the bowl gouge is used in opposite cutting directions compared to side-grain bowls. Close inspection of a piece of wood reveals pores in the surface that form a pattern called the grain. •E - Most bowls are turned with the wood grain at a right angle to the lathe bed which means that 70% of what you are sanding is end grain. This is the direction that the tree grows and the fibers of the wood … ... Once a woodworker understands how grain direction works, milling wood—be it with modern machinery or a trusty old handplane—will become a ... Sanding to 500 grit #282-May/Jun 2020. Conditions vary. Wipe down the wood to raise the grain. Once a woodworker understands how grain direction works, milling wood—be it with modern machinery or a trusty old handplane—will become a breeze. And for once, the better option is actually cheaper! It is also the only way i will ever sand. Always scrape with the grain of the wood. The best tool to use is a vacuum because it is the cleanest. Traditional woodworkers often say to only use your orbital sander running with the grain. Here’s a photo midway through the sanding process. The objective of sanding wood is to remove mill marks, which are caused by woodworking machines, and to remove other flaws such as dents and gouges that may have been introduced in handling. No polyurethene, shellac, lacquer, hardwax, or other type of wood finish. Step 2: Vacuum the wood to remove dust from all cracks and give a clean work environment The sandpaper belts are spendy at around $8 a pop. For the purpose of this article we are going to assume you are starting with a nice flat piece of wood or wood slab. Prep sanding is done with progressively finer grits. We all sand with different pressures, number of passes over any given spot and lengths of time. While I feel the finish quality is similar, the Klingspor and Mirka both seem to last longer. I am fortunate enough to have a job that requires me to have some very nice ( and often expensive) tools. This will enable you to know where you have sanded and where you haven’t. Hand sanding should always be done with a back-and-forth motion that is parallel to the grain of the wood, not across it. Unfortunately, as you will learn, even this presents problems. When your wood is nice and smooth, wipe it down with a tack cloth. Second, wet the wood then look at it from different angles into a reflected light. I use a felt block wrapped with 320-grit paper for the job. At around $500, it’s not for tourists. Using 120 grit or finer sandpaper, sand the surface to be stained. Don’t get your pad very far past the edge, as this can round the corners slightly. Sand at a slight angle to the grain. the grain.The better you. A brush kicks the dust up in the air to dirty your shop and possibly land back on your work during finishing. Don’t get me wrong, its much better to find out now, instead of after you have applied your finish. No flaws can hide from the light. For the hand-sanding, we go in the same direction of the grain of each square of parquet. If it isn’t, there’s no point going past #180 grit. Doing this is especially important if you are staining. If you are an experienced wood finisher, refer to our retail brochures for quick and simple finishing instructions.For those of you that lik… Step 2 Vacuum the wood thoroughly to pull dust from any cracks and provide a clean work environment. I use a Milwaukee random orbit sander for my higher grit sanding. But most of us sand more than we need to, so it’s often more efficient to skip grits. Only if you are staining or using a vibrator (“pad”) or random-orbit sander does sanding above #180 grit make a difference. But don’t push too hard. Let the sander do most of the work. You can do the bulk of the final grit with the ROS but then you'll need to switch to hand sanding to remove the little cross grain marks the ROS will leave. https://www.popularwoodworking.com/techniques/rules_for_sanding_wood The finer you sand, the less stain color will be retained on the wood when you wipe off the excess. This can happen overnight and result in hair pulling frustration (why I’m bald). This method reduces waste to zero and also reduces the tendency of the folds to slip as you’re sanding. Tack rags load up too quickly with the large amount of dust created at the wood level. Then a stain was applied and the excess wiped off. Cross-grain. Sand down wood including the end grain to a smooth even surface using 100 - 150 grit sandpaper, sanding in the direction of the wood grain. Step 1 Using 120 grit or finer sandpaper, sand the surface to be stained. A random orbital spins, and vibrates ‘randomly’ as it runs. Next, sand the table with the 150-grit paper, and finish by sanding with the 220-grit paper. For now anyway. I go from 120 grit to 150, then to 220 grit on fine grain like walnut or cherry. Note: If nail holes or wood crevices need to be filled with wood filler then fill and allow drying and sand to a smooth finish as part of the final sanding. I have even talked with Festool about this, and they confirmed when using an orbital sander it makes no difference. These artbins from amazon are an awesome solution for storing randoms disks. Kudos to Bob! Squigglies. Just lightly make sweeping passes to cover the entire piece. About the only place where wood glue alone isn’t very effective is on the end grain of boards. It's tempting to just fold a piece of sandpaper and go to work. If you’d like more info on how to get a live edge slab perfectly flat, check out this previous article I wrote on that topic. Sanding Techniques How to Level Uneven Floors. Keep nice even pressure with your hands. So by sanding along the grain you will need less time with finer and finer sandpaper to get the same finish. This topic could probably be an article in itself. You can probably imagine it is much easier to redo one sanding grit vs finish removal and all sanding grits. This will enable you to know where you have sanded and where you haven’t. ", https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/popwood_logos-01.png, https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/ffcrossgrain485-573.jpg, Shaker Storage & Shelving Shop Resources Collection, © 2020 Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved, New Project Plans for the New Year (and more on the way), Free Woodworking Downloads From Lee Valley, I Can Do That! Thanks! In fact, the finer the grit the wood is sanded to, the less color a stain leaves when the excess is wiped off. Tilt the sander to lift the abrasive just before reaching the far skirting board. I refer to these as “squigglies.” The best policy is to sand them out by hand in the direction of the grain after sanding to the finest grit, usually #180 or #220, with the sander. On unsanded new wood flooring, a drum sander may be operated on a diagonal to the wood grain at first to flatten the irregular surface. Not necessarily the finished quality. The final appearance of the wood will be the same whether you move the sander with the grain of the wood or against it, although going with the grain of the wood is generally more efficient and cleaner. The end grain is more subject to tear out and damaged fibers, besides being harder to sand so extra effort is required. is often the result of. We then hand-scrape out any finish imperfections. But the 150 can’t take the 5” pad from the 125. – Simple Woodworking Projects. Cross-grain. Remember to work along the grain, as sanding against it will leave scratches on the surface. How to Sand Main Floor. The wood will absorb moisture from the air and cause the piece to warp. Using your hand to back the sandpaper can lead to hollowing out the softer early-wood grain on most woods. Although the wide array of staining products on the market may seem bewildering, remember that staining is merely a means of adding color to wood. You can buy a totally decent Bosch 5” orbital for around $49. I’ve compared expensive tools to a heated steering wheel. Go over the entire deck with each sandpaper grit before moving on to the next one. Second, it’s always the best policy to sand out the squigglies by hand after you have progressed to your final sanding grit (for example, #180 or #220), especially if you are applying a stain. As you progress from 100 grit to your ending grit, each grit you sand with is more important than the next. The appearance and feel of the finish is all its own and has nothing any longer to do with how fine you sand the wood. Often it helps to begin with sandpaper in ultra-fine grit ranges (#320 and upward) before moving to the slightly coarser #220 grit sandpaper. in opposite directions), compare the finish of the floorboard and see if the direction of wood grain can be established - if one direction of sanding has given an obvious smoother finish, then that is the direction of the grain. Repeat the process for every grit up to your stopping point. You don’t have to explain yourself. Be certain to follow the direction of the wood grain during the sanding process, because the stain will highlight any cross-grain … But I will say it makes the most tedious part of woodworking much more enjoyable. Then turn 180 degrees, lower the abrasive and walk the sander back parallel to the first run slightly overlapping on to the first pass. Grain direction is often compared to petting a cat. The grain of a wood is the direction in which most or all of the wood fibers are pointing, and one of the axioms of woodworking is to sand with the grain. Sanding wood doesn’t just apply to live edge, in fact it almost always doesn’t apply to live edge. It even continues to run for a few seconds after you turn your sander off. Marking your grid to know where you have sanded and where you haven’t. So I tend to make more circular patterns with my sander running both with and across the grain in a more random pattern. If you can’t avoid cross-grain sanding, you will have to find a compromise between creating scratches fine enough so they don’t show and coarse enough so the stain still darkens the wood adequately. It also minimizes the chance of "dish out" or "waves," when a loose or uneven floor gets sanded more in some spots than others. How to Read Grain Direction in Wood. Sanding across the grain really tears the fibres of the wood and helps to remove the worn surface very quickly. Sand the wood in the direction of the wood grain, if you sand across the grain you will create scratch marks. Sanding wood may produce a lighter patch of wood that is more noticeable than the stain. … Erase scratches from inside corners of veneered cabinets by hand sanding. Make something that will bring beauty to your life, save you money, and have fun in the process. This is especially important for larger live edge slabs. But I decided this topic should be a little more all-encompassing. So I will always include the best tool option in addition to a totally decent tool option. If you want some inside information, I just learned the ETS EC 125/3 is actually the same sander, and $100 less than the 150. A good shop light, or even photography light can work well for this. All the strength travels in one direction and not the other. Direction does matter when you sand by hand, which you should always for your final grit. Sanding with an orbital sander isn't direction dependent. When you have used up one side, turn the folded sandpaper and use the other. There are many ways to cut a piece of wood, these are a few of the different methods. Before you start sanding, it is a good idea to lightly draw a grid on your work piece with a pencil. In this case, the top half was sanded to #180 grit and the bottom half to #600 grit. This means that coatings will last longer on timbers with vertical grain orientation. Doing this is especially important if you are staining. I might get some hate mail on this one, but I feel that is a little antiquated and perhaps a remnant of the old days of hand sanding. Now go ahead and start sanding with your 100 grit paper. Fold a piece of the same grit paper that made the scratches into three layers and sand with the grain, pushing the paper into the corner of the wood. Then open the sandpaper and wrap it around the block to use the middle. However I’ve noticed if I only make passes running the same direction, you can actually see the sanding path faintly in the wood after the finish is applied. Hand Crafted Furniture | Epoxy Resin Tables | Portland Oregon, Red ryder, daisy, tool restoration, vintage tools, diy projects, diy project, cool diy projects, cool diys, vintage toy, antique restoration, damascus steel, damascus, layered steel, english walnut, walnut stock, hand tool rescue, kd lumber, how dry is wood, home depot green lumber, home depot Kd studs, wagner moisture meter, moisture meter, wagner orion review, wagner orion, box store lumber, 2x4 furniture, 2x4 bench, 2x4 coffee table, 2x4 end table, diy coffee table, diy 2x4, Check out my past article on wood finishing here. For example, a board that has been run through a planer with dull knives will require a coarser grit to be efficient than typical veneered plywood or MDF that has been pre-sanded in the factory. tear-out. Because wood with anything other than straight grain may be sawn to produce sometimes exquisite figure, errant grain becomes a blessing. On most raw woods, start sanding in the direction of the grain using a #120-150 grit paper before staining and work up to #220 grit paper. Planing or jointing operations work best when the knives cut in the same direction as the grain. Bob Flexner is the author of "Flexner on Finishing," "Wood Finishing 101," and "Understanding Wood Finishing. Ensuring all the dust in the sander and hose gets removed. I even go one step further and hand sand with a worn 220 disc and a sanding block in the direction of the wood grain. Dump out the sanding dust and mix it with some glue until it’s a putty consistency. Being sure that these flaws and scratches are removed is the reason most of us sand more than we need to. It depends. Save up to 68% on 7 issues of woodworking projects and tricks. Seal the Stain: This is the final stage and you need to complete it successfully. If the grain of the wood is all running in one direction, it would be ideal to sand in the same direction every time(with the grain). You should also be careful when you get to the edges of your piece. Sand the table, beginning with the coarsest-grit sandpaper (100 grit) and sanding in the direction of the wood grain. The best policy is to always sand in the direction of the grain when possible. This will help remove all the debris leftover from sanding, and prevent your stain from getting gooped up. If wood is machined in the wrong direction, the edges of grain lines can lift or separate, requiring additional sanding to achieve a smooth surface before finishing. If you go the Festool route, you are going to want a variety of pads, ranging from soft to firm. Starting in one corner of the room, tilt the machine, switch it on and walk it diagonally across the floor towards the far wall. Follow the direction of the wood grain during sanding since the stain will highlight any cross-grain marks. For the first stage of sanding, you can move at a 7 to 15 degree angle to the direction of the boards. It’s not necessary to get all the dust out of the pores. ... To understand this, it may help to think of the word direction following the word grain. Klingspor and Mirka are both significantly cheaper than Festool. In all cases when sanding by hand, it’s best to sand in the direction of the wood grain when possible. In addition to being HEPA certified, you also plug your sander (or any tool) directly into the vac which starts automatically when you start your tool. If you are like me and work in the shop almost every day of your life, then $500 is small price to pay for the time saved and quality delivered.