The Dravidian languages with the most speakers are (in descending order of number of speakers) Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam, all of which have long literary traditions. Tamil speakers number around 4.7 million. The Veddas, the aborigines of Sri Lanka who are Austro-Asiatic in origin, might have rendered the name Lanka to the island. Researchers have discovered writings that date back to around 500 BC and its literary works date back to over 2,000 years. A handful of the 3,400 people of Portuguese descent speak Sri Lankan Portuguese creole. Individuals of Tamil ancestry in Singapore make up about 58% of the India… In India, it is also the official language of the Union Territory of Puducherry. Funny Boy, Academy Award nominee Deepa Mehta‘s movie adaptation of Toronto-based author Shyam Selvadurai’s 1994 novel by the same name, has faced criticism from the Ilankai Tamil (the largest Tamil minority group in Sri Lanka) diaspora after the trailer of the film was released in October 2020. Moors, Burghers, Malays, Chinese, and the indigenous Vedda are also established groups. The wording of the constitution, however, is problematic. On the other hand, the eastern and northern regions speak Tamil. The language originally developed with the arrival of Malay immigrants, who came as laborers, soldiers, and exiles of the Dutch and British colonizers during the 1200’s. Sri Lanka is home to diverse ethnicities, languages, and cultures with a considerable percentage of the minorities being the Tamil speakers. Sri Lanka’s current constitution lists Sinhala and Tamil as official languages, with English being given the status of a ‘link language’. The 13th Amendment in 1987 to Article 18 of the 1978 Constitution stated that “the official language of Sri Lanka is Sinhala” while “Tamil shall also be an official language,” with English as a … There are more than 40,000 speakers of the Sri Lankan Malay language. It is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Puducherry. Over 4% of the population can converse in Tamil, and this includes about 100,000 native Tamil speakers. Sri Lanka accords official status to Sinhala and Tamil. The former belongs to the Indo-Aryan family and is spoken by about 74% of the … It is also an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore and has additional speakers in … The Constitution of Sri Lanka gives equal place to the official languages of Sri Lanka, namely Sinhala and Tamil. The word is considered as belonging to Austro-asiatic languages. The country has, however, given official status to Tamil and Sinhalese languages. The Official Language Act of Pondicherry stipulated that Tamil shall be used for all official purposes in the territory. It covers an area of 25,332 square miles and has a population of 20,277,597. Previous. Tamil Language (Special Provisions) Act Certified on 4 September 1958 [see also Enactment of Sinhala Only Law] An Act to Provide for the Use of the Tamil Language and to Provide for Matters connected therewith or incidental thereto 1. [1], As per 2016, the Sinhala language is mostly spoken by the Sinhalese people, who constitute approximately 74.9% of the national population and total about 16.6 million. Tamil: தமிழ் Tamil is Sri Lanka’s other official language, spoken by about five million people in Sri Lanka, which is about 15 percent of the population. Another creole language spoken in Sri Lanka is Sri Lankan Portuguese Creole, spoken by only 30 of the 3,400 people of Portuguese descent. Sinhala is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who constitute approximately 70 percent of Sri Lanka’s population, which equals approximately 13 million people. In India, it is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry. Tamil is spoken by about 75 million Tamil native speakers worldwide. Several languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austronesian families. Colonial powers of Britain, the Netherlands, and Portugal, and Arab settlers have also had an influence on the development of the languages spoken in Sri Lanka. It is written with the Sinhalese alphabet which descends from the ancient Indian Brahmi writing. Seldom used nowadays is Arwi, a written register of Tamil that uses the Arabic script and has extensive lexical influences from Arabic. 100 Hours - Rs.5,000 150 Hours - Rs.10,000 ... Pay Online. Tamil is an official language in two countries: Sri Lanka and Singapore. Tamil Language (Special Provisions) Act, No. The Institute of Official Languages & Professional Studies (IOLPS) trains the youth in Sri Lanka to develop their language skills so that they can face the personal challenge ahead of them successfully. However the process of writing and publicising laws has mostly been carried out in English. An additional 4 million speak Sinhalese as a second language. The language belongs to the Dravidian language family and is one of the oldest continuously spoken classical languages in the world. 28 of 1958 117 10. Seldom used nowadays is Arwi, a written register of Tamil that uses the Arabic script and has extensive lexical influences from Arabic. Entity Continent Population Status Notes Haryana: Asia … It has also borrowed words from Tamil, Portuguese, Dutch, and English. Various public institutions conduct most of their functions in English, but their official documents are drafted in Tamil, Malay or Chinese. The Institute of Official Languages & Professional Studies (IOLPS) trains the youth in Sri Lanka to develop their language skills so that they can face the personal challenge ahead of them successfully. Sri Lanka. Languages . The majority ofTamils are Hindu, with smaller Catholic, Buddhist and Muslim populations, all a similar size to one another. Tamil Language (Special Provisions) Regulations of 1966 121 12. One Response to “THE TAMIL LANGUAGE IN SRI LANKA Part 8” dingiri bandara Says: February 27th, 2019 at 9:26 am. It is also spoken by the Tamil diasporafound in ma… Tamil shall also be an official language. The Tamil rebels’ organization, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, continued their insurgency into the 21st century. Sri Lanka. Apart from the two official languages there are indo-Portuguese, English, Arabic, Sri Lankan Creole, Veddah and sign languages. Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Chindians, and Douglas. The Official Languages Commission, The Department of Official Languages and National Institute of Language Education and Training are today under the Ministry of National integration and Official languages. Tamil is the most widely used Indian dialect in the country. Tamil Language Rights in Sri Lanka. 9. Powered By. It is still widely used by the aborigines of Central and Eastern India to mean an island and especially an islet in a river. the bureaucracy has hindered the enforcement of Tamil as an official language, as has the absence of any compelling reason for Sinhala-speakers to become proficient in a language spoken by linguistic minorities and unimportant to political, economic and social power. Today, however, its use is mainly oral and has been declining as younger Sri Lankan Malays have begun relying on Sinhalese, Tamil, and English for communication. Claiming sovereignty over the North and Eastern Sri Lanka and Puttalam district as: Karaikal: Claiming for a separate union territory in India. This suggests that Tamil was added as an afterthought, or a later addition – … Tamil is spoken by the Tamil people of India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, South Africa and by the Tamil diaspora. All the languages spoken in the country have been influenced a lot by the languages of neighboring countries such as Malaysia, the Maldives, and India. The majority ofTamils are Hindu, with smaller Catholic, Buddhist and Muslim populations, all a similar size to one another. Previous. Tamil is the second official language in Sri Lanka. The Rodiya community within Sri Lanka speaks a dialect of Sinhalese called Rodiya. Tamil is a Dravidian language that's spoken by about 18 percent of the island nation's population. The Tamil language is spoken by Sri Lankan Tamils, as well as by Tamil migrants from the neighboring Indian state of Tamil Nadu and by most Sri Lankan Moors. Researchers have discovered writings that date back to around 500 BC and its literary works date back to over 2,000 years. This Act may be cited as the Tamil Language (Special Provisions) Act, No. Tamil Language Courses. In India, it is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry. Within Sri Lanka, there are thought to be approximately 4.7 million Tamil speakers; although worldwide, there are 70 million. It is spoken by around 10% of the population. I retired in April 1995, a few years after the passage of the 13th and 16th Ammendments to the Constitution, which introduced Tamil also as an Official Language. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. While this diversity leads to the richness of life in Sri Lanka, it also leads to complications in maintaining peace. The Tamil rebels’ organization, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, continued their insurgency into the 21st century. See below for the most-spoken languages of Sri Lanka. Tamil is spoken as the first language by Sri Lankan Tamils, but also Moors (the country’s third biggest ethnic group) and by Indian Tamils, who mainly live in the centre of the country. The perceived inequality between Tamils and Sinhalese led to the 1983 to 2009 civil war between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. Tamil Language Rights in Sri Lanka. Tamil is the official language of the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, as well as two sovereign states, Sri Lanka and Singapore. 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